Gottfries, Nils Mickelsson, Glenn Stadin, Karolina
Year of Publication:
Working Paper 2018:10
Combining micro and macro data, we construct demand-side shocks, which we take to be exogenous for individual firms. We estimate a reduced-form model to describe how firms adjust their production, employment, capital stock, and inventories in response to such shocks. Then, we chose the structural parameters of a theoretical model so that the theoretical model can match the impulse-response functions from the estimated reduced-form model. Firms' reactions to demand-side shocks are well explained by a model where firms have modest market power, face convex adjustment costs and where they can vary utilization flexibly. The stock-out motive helps to explain inventory dynamics.
capacity utilization production factor labor hoarding labor productivity inventory holdings returns to scale production function Solow residual