Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/193312
Authors: 
Mitnik, Oscar A.
Sanchez, Raul
Yañez-Pagans, Patricia
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 12018
Abstract: 
This paper quantifies the impacts of transport infrastructure investments on economic activity in Haiti, using satellite night-light luminosity as a proxy measure. Our identification strategy exploits the differential timing of rehabilitation projects across various road segments of the primary road network. We combine multiple sources of non-traditional data and carefully address concerns related to unobserved heterogeneity. The results obtained across multiple specifications consistently indicate that receiving a road rehabilitation project leads to an increase in luminosity values of between 6% and 26% at the communal section level. Taking into account the national level elasticity between luminosity values and GDP, we approximate that these interventions translate into communal section-GDP increases of between 0.5% and 2.1%, for communal sections benefited by a transport infrastructure project. We observe temporal and spatial variation in results, and crucially that the larger impacts appear once projects are completed and are concentrated within 2 km buffers around the intervened roads. Neither the richest or the poorest communities reap the benefits from road improvements, with gains accruing to those in the middle of the ranking of communal sections, based on unsatisfied basic needs. Our findings provide novel evidence on the role of transport investments in promoting economic activity in developing countries.
Subjects: 
Haiti
night-time luminosity
road investments
JEL: 
O1
O47
R4
D04
Document Type: 
Working Paper
Social Media Mentions:

Files in This Item:
File
Size
2.93 MB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.