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Erscheinungsjahr: 
2018
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 11857
Verlag: 
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
Zusammenfassung: 
We study the labor market outcomes of a deregulation reform in Germany that removed licensing requirements to become self-employed in some occupations. Using longitudinal social security data, we implement a matched difference-in-differences design with entropy balancing to account for observable characteristics and unobserved individual heterogeneity. The reform tripled the number of businesses within ten years and led to slower earnings growth and higher unemployment for incumbent workers in deregulated occupations. However, the reform effect seems rather small, which we attribute to the relatively low competitiveness of new businesses. Supporting this view, the reform did not lead to overall employment growth.
Schlagwörter: 
deregulation
entry barriers
self-employment
labor market outcomes
entropy balancing
matched difference-in-differences
JEL: 
J31
J24
L11
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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