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Ojeda-Joya, Jair N.
Guzman, Oscar E.
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper No. 106
In this paper we estimate the effect of government consumption shocks on GDP using a panel of 21 developing economies. Our goal is to better understand the reasons for the low fiscal multipliers found in the literature by performing estimations for alternative exchange rate regimes, business-cycle phases, and monetary policy stances. In addition, we perform counterfactual simulations to analyze the possible gains from fiscal-monetary policy coordination. The results imply that government consumption shocks are usually followed by monetary policy tightening in developing economies with flexible regimes. Our simulations show that this reaction partially explains the presence of low fiscal multipliers in these economies. On the other hand, we find that government consumption shocks imply higher multipliers in developing economies during fixed regimes, economic booms or monetary expansions. In particular, implementing fiscal programs during monetary expansions seems to improve significantly their economic stimulus.
Fiscal Policy
Monetary Policy
Structural Vector Autoregression
Exchange Rate Regime
Panel VAR
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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