Andersson, Fredrik Heyman, Fredrik Norbäck, Pehr-Johan Persson, Lars
Year of Publication:
IFN Working Paper 1147
Recent studies document a 30-year decline in various measures of entrepreneurship in the United States. In contrast, using detailed Swedish employer-employee data over the period 1990-2013, we find no decline in Swedish entrepreneurial activity. Aggregate net job creation is greatest among the youngest firms in the Swedish business sector. Moreover, most of the net job creation by young firms takes place in the expanding service sector. We argue that a key explanation for the high entrepreneurial activity in the Swedish business sector during the last two decades stems from economic reforms in the 1990s that mitigated several hurdles to entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship Job dynamics Matched employer-employee data Industrial structure and structural change