Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/180906
Authors: 
Abeliansky, Ana Lucia
Strulik, Holger
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
cege Discussion Papers 352
Abstract: 
We investigate how the season of birth affects human health and aging. For this purpose, we use five waves of the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) dataset and construct a health deficit index for 21 European countries. Results from log-linear regressions suggest that, on average, elderly European men age faster when they were born in spring and summer (compared to autumn). At given age, they have developed about 3.5 percent more health deficits. The bulk of the season effect is neither mediated through body height nor through education. In a subsample of Southern European countries, where the seasonal variation of sunlight is smaller, the season of birth plays an insignificant role for health in old age. In a subsample of Northern countries, in contrast, the season or birth effect gets larger. At given age, elderly Northern European men born in spring have developed on average 8.7 percent more health deficits than those born in autumn. In non-linear regression we find that the season effect increases with age suggesting that the speed of aging is also influenced by the season of birth.
Subjects: 
health
aging
health deficit index
season of birth
JEL: 
I10
I19
J13
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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