Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/176830
Authors: 
Vitola, Alise
Grigoriadis, Theocharis
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
Diskussionsbeiträge 2018/6
Abstract: 
In this paper, we explore the long-run effects of cultural and imperial legacies in the Baltic region. Drawing evidence from the 1897 population census in the Russian Empire, we find that localities with a higher share of German historical population are inclined to be more developed in contemporary Latvia and Estonia. Furthermore, based on the Life-In-Transition Survey (LiTS), we use robust regression discontinuity and identify persistent differential patterns of socioeconomic and political preferences across the borders of the former imperial territories of Estland, Livonia (Swedish Livonia), Letgallia (Polish Livonia) and Courland. Hence, we argue for the persistence of legacies as drivers of divergent development paths in the regions of Latvia and Estonia.
Subjects: 
Baltic Germans
diversity
empire
development
culture
JEL: 
N43
O57
P51
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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