Belfield, Chris Boneva, Teodora Rauh, Christopher Shaw, Jonathan
IFS Working Papers W16/13
We study students' motives for educational attainment in a unique survey of 885 secondary school students in the UK. As expected, students who perceive the monetary returns to education to be higher are more likely to intend to continue in full-time education. However, the main driver is the perceived consumption value, which alone explains around half of the variation of the intention to pursue higher education. Moreover, the perceived consumption value can account for a substantial part of both the socio-economic gap and the gender gap in intentions to continue in full-time education.
education perceived returns consumption value of education beliefs higher education UK gender gap income gradient