Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/170849
Authors: 
Farré, Lídia
González Luna, Libertad
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10865
Abstract: 
This paper studies the effects of a father quota in the parental leave period on households' labor market and fertility decisions. Identification is based on the 2007 reform of the Spanish family benefit system, which extended the sixteen weeks of paid parental leave by two additional weeks exclusively reserved for fathers and non-transferable to mothers. Using a regression discontinuity design, we show that the reform substantially increased the take-up rate of fathers (by as much as 400%), as well as the re-employment probability of mothers shortly after childbirth (by about 11%). However, it did not affect parents' longer-term leave-taking or employment behavior. We also find that the introduction of the two weeks of paternity leave delayed higher-order births and reduced subsequent fertility among older women (by about 15%). These results suggest a limited scope for the father quota to alter household behaviors beyond the parental leave period and reduce gender inequality at the workplace.
Subjects: 
natural experiment
paternity leave
fertility
labor market and gender
JEL: 
J48
J13
J16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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