Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/170540
Authors: 
Chatalova, Lioudmila
Djanibekov, Nodir
Gagalyuk, Taras
Valentinov, Vladislav
Year of Publication: 
2017
Citation: 
[Journal:] Water [ISSN:] 2073-4441 [Volume:] 9 [Year:] 2017 [Issue:] 4 (Article No. 300) [Pages:] 1-14
Abstract: 
After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Central Asian countries have been faced with numerous development challenges in agriculture, especially those related to water use. Well-intentioned foreign donors and development agencies have stepped in to support local farmers, research centers, and public authorities in devising innovative solutions. Yet, development aid projects have borne fruit only partially. Paradoxically, innovative and apparently useful technologies proposed by foreign donors have rarely and only partially succeeded in taking root in the local institutional contexts. To explain this paradox, this paper draws on the institutional approach which shows the possibility of technological innovations being encapsulated by dysfunctional institutions. Reviewing recent studies of water-related projects in Central Asia, the paper shows this encapsulation to be at the core of the development project failures pervasive both in the Soviet period and today. If the concept of encapsulation is valid, then the current development efforts can be made more effective by detecting and counteracting the structures of vested interest on the part of all the actors involved, such as foreign donors, public authorities, research centers and local farmers.
Subjects: 
Central Asia
water use
development projects
innovation adoption
institutionalist dichotomy
Veblen
transition economy
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
URL of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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