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Ait Mansour, Hicham
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
LIS Working Paper Series 674
There is a wide agreement among poverty research community that conventional estimates of poverty (i.e., money-metric measures) do not take into account out of pocket payments of health care. Significant household health spending would overestimate total household expenditure, which results in an underestimation of poverty measured in terms of household expenditure. The present working paper uses Luxembourg Income Study Center data to explore the impact of household health payments on poverty and child poverty estimates in five middle-income countries (India, Mexico, South Africa, Russian Federation and Peru). It also extends this analysis to cover education expenditure as well and how it might exert similar effects on these poverty estimates.
child poverty
expenditure poverty
out of pocket health expenditure
out of pocket education expenditure
middle-income countries
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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