Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/163161
Authors: 
Valenzuela, Maria Rebecca J.
Wong, Wing-keung
Zhen, Zhu Zhen
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
ADBI Working Paper Series 662
Abstract: 
In this paper, we employ stochastic dominance (SD) analysis on household unit records to measure relative welfare levels and investigate sources of inequality in the Philippines from 2000 to 2012. Using SD techniques developed in Chow, Valenzuela, and Wong (2016), we test for richness and poorness in the population across various social, economic, and demographic dimensions. Our SD composition approach and application of tests showed higher and improved relative welfare levels exist for urban, non-agricultural households, and that compared with wages and business income, other sources of income have grown in importance in narrowing welfare gaps over time. We also found that gender of household head and education attainments matter for welfare outcomes. In terms of age, we found high concentrations of poor income units among the youngest cohort (aged 30 and under), and high concentrations of richer income units in the older, over-60 cohort. These results help explain persistently high levels of income inequality observed in the Philippine economy.
Subjects: 
Economics
Gender
Poverty
Philippines
JEL: 
I32
J11
J14
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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