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McVicar, Duncan
Wooden, Mark
Fok, Yin King
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10768
The debate over whether contingent (and typically more precarious) employment acts as a bridge to permanent employment, or as a trap, has tended to focus on transitions rather than longer-run pathways. This approach cannot accurately identify indirect pathways from contingent to permanent employment, and nor can it identify 'trap' pathways involving short spells in other states. It also fails to distinguish between those experiencing contingent employment as a 'blip' and those with longer spells. This article employs a different approach involving sequence analysis. Exploiting longitudinal data for Australian, evidence for the co-existence of pathways that correspond to 'bridge' and 'trap' characterisations of contingent employment is found. Further, in the case of casual employment these two types of labour market pathways are roughly equally prevalent, although for some groups in particular women, those with low educational attainment, and those with a disability 'traps' are more likely than 'bridges'.
casual employment
contingent employment
temporary employment
segmented labour markets
sequence analysis
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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