Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/161078
Authors: 
Brixiova, Zuzana
Kangoye, Thierry
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10455
Abstract: 
In this paper we provide first systematic evidence on the gender disparities in the labor market in Swaziland, drawing on the country's first two (2007 and 2010) Labor Force Surveys. We find that even though the global financial crisis had a less severe effect on the labor market outcomes of women than those of men, women continue to have lower employment and labor force participation rates. Utilizing the Heckman probit selection model shows that while women account for a disproportionate share of the self-employed, they are more often than men involved in low-productivity activities and rely less on formal finance. We conclude with policies that could help Swaziland – and other middle income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa – narrow these disparities and embark on a more inclusive growth path.
Subjects: 
gender gap in the labor market
skills
credit
multivariate analysis
policies
JEL: 
J16
J21
L26
O12
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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