Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/161067
Authors: 
Genicot, Garance
Mayda, Anna Maria
Mendola, Mariapia
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10444
Abstract: 
This paper investigates the impact of internal migration on child labor outcomes in Brazil. We develop a theoretical model and evaluate it on children aged 10 to 14 using two decades of Census data. In our model, migration impacts child labor through changes in the local labor market, which is made up of both adults and children. Thus we complement the individual-level child-labor analysis with an empirical study of the labor-market impact of internal migration within Brazil. We exploit variation in the concentration of both skilled and unskilled immigrants at the municipality level and employ an instrumental variable strategy that relies on the historical (1980) distribution of immigrants within the country. Our results show that internal migration of a given skill level has a negative impact on corresponding adults' labor market outcomes. We also find that unskilled (skilled) immigration has a negative (positive) and significant impact on child labor. Finally, unskilled immigration increases children school attendance and decreases their likelihood of being idle.
Subjects: 
child labor
migration
JEL: 
F22
J61
O12
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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