[Journal:] Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung – Journal for Labour Market Research [ISSN:] 2510-5027 [Volume:] 39 [Year:] 2006 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 57-76
Border regions are likely to play a critical role within the spatial dynamics initiated by the enlargement of the EU. This paper deals with the effects of integration on labour markets in border regions. Within the framework of different theoretical approaches, the effects of integration on location conditions and labour market disparities along national borders are analysed. Furthermore, we investigate empirically the degree of labour market integration in European border regions. Measures of spatial association are used as indicators of the intensity of integration among neighbouring labour markets. The results of an analysis of per capita income and unemployment for the period 1995-2000 point to a measurable spatial segmentation of labour markets along national borders even among highly integrated EU15 countries. On average, border regions in the EU are characterised by a lower degree of labour market integration than non-border areas, due to significant border impediments that hamper equilibrating forces between labour markets on both sides of national frontiers.