Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/154937
Authors: 
Huhtala, Anni
Samakovlis, Eva
Year of Publication: 
1998
Series/Report no.: 
Nota di Lavoro, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 79.1998
Abstract: 
Harmonisation of the instruments used in environmental policy has been considered necessary to guarantee fair competition in international markets. We investigate alternative policy measures for promoting paper recycling in seven European countries and present a theoretical framework for analysing policy requirements for the minimum amount of recycled material to be used in production. We estimate empirically the technologically feasible input combinations of pulp and waste paper for paper production. We then "translate" the standard into market-based instruments to illustrate how a common recycling goal could be implemented in different countries through taxes or subsidies. Finally, we discuss the distributional effects of harmonised policy.
Subjects: 
Recycling
Minimum content requirement
Taxes
Subsidies
Environmental policy harmonisation
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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