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Lafourcade, Pierre
Gerali, Andrea
Brůha, Jan
Bursian, Dirk
Buss, Ginters
Corbo, Vesna
Haavio, Markus
Håkanson, Christina
Hlédik, Tibor
Kátay, Gábor
Kulikov, Dmitry
Lozej, Matija
Micallef, Brian
Papageorgiou, Dimitris
Vanhala, Juuso
Zeleznik, Marin
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
ECB Occasional Paper 175
This paper revisits the empirical relationship between unemployment and output, and its evolution following the financial crisis of 2008, with the aim of drawing potential consequences for labour market modelling strategies in place within the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). First, the negative correlation between output and unemployment (Okun’s law) at cyclical frequencies is found to be a robust feature of macro data across time, countries and identification schemes. Focusing on the euro area, the financial distress seems to have altered the dynamics of output and unemployment mainly at lower frequencies, interpreted as trend developments by the statistical filters used in the analysis. Looking at the implications for modelling strategies, we propose an extension of the standard labour search and matching model in which financial frictions impinge directly on the labour market rather than on the capital market, opening the way to protracted and lagged response of employment after a “financial” crisis. In terms of policy implications, the importance of the interplay between financial and labour market frictions in trend developments should be read as strong support for an ambitious structural reform agenda in Europe, so as to make our labour (and goods) markets more flexible and resilient.
financial crisis
labour market
macroeconomic models of the labour market
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Research Report
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