[Journal:] IZA World of Labor [ISSN:] 2054-9571 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 241
Women’s labor force participation has rapidly increased in most countries, but mothers still struggle to achieve a satisfactory work−life balance. Childcare allows the primary caregiver, usually the mother, to take time away from childrearing for employment. Family policies that subsidize childcare and increase its availability have different effects on female labor supply across countries. For policymakers to determine how well these policies work, they should consider that policy effectiveness may depend on country-specific pre-reform female employment and earnings, and childcare availability, costs, and quality.
childcare availability and subsidies quality formal and informal child care maternal employment female labor force participation