Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/147848
Authors: 
Agarwal, Arunika
Lubet, Alyssa
Mitgang, Elizabeth
Mohanty, Sanjay
Bloom, David E.
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10162
Abstract: 
India, one of the world's two population superpowers, is undergoing unprecedented demographic changes. Increasing longevity and falling fertility have resulted in a dramatic increase in the population of adults aged 60 and up, in both absolute and relative terms. This change presents wide-ranging and complex health, social, and economic challenges, both current and future, to which this diverse and heterogeneous country must rapidly adapt. This chapter first lays out the context, scope, and magnitude of India's demographic changes. It then details the major challenges these shifts pose in the interconnected areas of health, especially the massive challenges of a growing burden of noncommunicable diseases; gender, particularly the needs and vulnerabilities of an increasingly female older adult population; and income security. This chapter also presents an overview of India's recent and ongoing initiatives to adapt to population aging and provide support to older adults and their families. It concludes with policy recommendations that may serve as a productive next step forward, keeping in mind the need for urgent and timely action on the part of government, private companies, researchers, and general population.
Subjects: 
population aging
economic demography
longevity
JEL: 
J11
J14
N30
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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