Manuskripte aus den Instituten für Betriebswirtschaftslehre der Universität Kiel No. 592
Manpower still is one of the most expansive resources, in spite of increasing automation. While employee scheduling and rostering has been the topic of extensive research over the past decades, usually it is assumed that the demand for staff is either given or can be obtained without difficulty. In this research we close the gap between practical needs and available models and methods. In particular, we provide an integer programming model for long-term staffing decisions. The model is based on qualification profiles, the number of which grows exponentially in terms of the number of processes considered. In order to compute tight lower bounds we provide a column generation technique. The subproblem is a shortest path problem in a network where the arcs have multiple weights. Upper bounds, that is, feasible solutions are calculated by means of local search. We present computational results for randomly generated instances and empirical results for examples from practice. From these results it is evident that the bounds are tight and that substantial cost savings can be achieved.
Work force planning/staffing qualification profile column generation local search computational/empirical evaluation