Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/146442
Authors: 
Libertun de Duren, Nora
Guerrero Compeán, Roberto
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-634
Abstract: 
This paper finds that per capita municipal spending on public services is strongly and non-linearly correlated to urban population density. Optimal expenditure levels for municipal services are achieved when densities are close to 9,000 residents per square kilometer. In this study of approximately 8,600 municipalities in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Mexico, 85 percent are below this ideal density level. This analysis provides strong policy support for densification, particularly for medium-sized cities in developing countries, which are currently absorbing most of the world's urban population growth.
Subjects: 
optimal density
Latin America
urban services
public expenditures
JEL: 
R12
R58
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/legalcode
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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