Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/141548
Authors: 
Clemens, Michael A.
Montenegro, Claudio
Pritchett, Lant
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9789
Abstract: 
Large international differences in the price of labor can be sustained by differences between workers, or by natural and policy barriers to worker mobility. We use migrant selection theory and evidence to place lower bounds on the ad valorem equivalent of labor mobility barriers to the United States, with unique nationally-representative microdata on both U.S. immigrant workers and workers in their 42 home countries. The average price equivalent of migration barriers in this setting, for low-skill males, is greater than $13,700 per worker per year. Natural and policy barriers may each create annual global losses of trillions of dollars.
Subjects: 
migration
growth
impact
GDP
tariff
quota
deadweight
cost
visa
barrier
price
wedge
JEL: 
F22
J61
J71
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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