Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/130346
Authors: 
Jetter, Michael
Walker, Jay K.
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9669
Abstract: 
Using 4,279 episodes of the popular US game show Jeopardy!, we analyze whether the opponents' gender is able to explain the gender gap in competitive behavior. Our findings indicate that gender differences disappear when women compete against men. This result is surprising, but emerges with remarkable consistency for the probability to (i) respond, (ii) respond correctly, and (iii) respond correctly in high-stakes situations. Even risk preferences in wagering decisions, where gender differences are especially pronounced, do not differ across gender once a woman competes against males. Using a fixed-effects framework, and therefore exploiting within-player variation only, confirms these findings. These results, derived from a large real-life setting, suggest that gender differences in performance and risk attitudes are not gender-inherent, but rather emerge in distinct social environments.
Subjects: 
competition
gender gap
risk preferences
JEL: 
D03
J10
J16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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