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Pinger, Pia
Ruhmer-Krell, Isabel
Schumacher, Heiner
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 9648
The compromise effect refers to individuals' tendency to choose intermediate options. Its existence has been demonstrated in a large number of hypothetical choice experiments. This paper uses field data from a specialties restaurant to investigate the existence and strength of the compromise effect in a natural environment. Despite the presence of many factors that potentially weaken the compromise effect (e.g., a very large choice set, the opportunity to choose familiar options), we find evidence for it both in descriptive statistics and regression analyses. Options which become a compromise after a change in the choice set gain on average five percent in market share. We also find that the compromise effect is especially pronounced in groups, while for single customers it is statistically insignificant.
utility theory
restaurant data
compromise effect
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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