53rd Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "Regional Integration: Europe, the Mediterranean and the World Economy", 27-31 August 2013, Palermo, Italy
Inter-regional disparities are seen intensively at east-west direction in Turkey. Migration as a basic consequence of regional disparities, has been a problem for Turkey since the 1950s. TRC2 NUTS-2 Region consisting of Diyarbakir and Sanliurfa, two major centers of Southeast Anatolia, is among those which face this problem the most deeply due to get immigration from its own region and migrate to the west region of Turkey. Diyarbakir and Sianirfa identified as regional growth centers at the national level policies in order to keep migration waves within the region. In this study; urbanization and city size distribution in Turkey were examined, and then changes of the rank size distribution of Diyarbak?r region in 1970-2010 period were analyzed. Diyarbakir region receives mass migration and unable to keep this migration within the region due to the lack of employment opportunities and migrate to the metropolitan cities of Turkey. As method of the study, rank size rule was used in order to analyze rank size distribution of Diyarbakir and Sianliurfa. According to results Diyarbakir seems to be primate city and tends to increase this role in the period of 1970-2010. In this period, medium-sized cities also tend to grow with the effect of attractive and push factors in the region. According to the rank-size distribution of Sianliurfa, the city center and medium-sized cities have grown up in a polycentric way in this period. In light of findings from the study, investment for regional center and district centers which gets migration should be done and for small and rural settlements measures should be taken to improve the quality of life. In order to create a balanced settlements system and ensure healthy urbanization in the region; social integration, increase in employment and ensuring adequate physical infrastructure policies are crucial for regional centers and medium-sized cities that will serve as sub-central areas.
Distribution of settlements rank-size distribution city growth development migration