Nadalin, Vanessa Gapriotti Krause, Cleandro Neto, Vicente Correira Lima
Year of Publication:
Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 2012
Deficiencies of housing and urban infrastructures are heterogeneous in Brazil, making territorial analyses necessary. In this article we analyze data of the 2010 Census regarding "aglomerados subnormais" (AS), a national classification of census tracts that generally correspond to slums. We try to identify different behaviors taking into account the occurrence of AS in municipalities according to their position in the urban network, as well as their regional insertion. Using the classification of municipalities of Regiões de Influência das Cidades 2007, a study by the national statistical office (IBGE), we find four trends. Firstly, the phenomenon of AS in 2010 is not as predominantly metropolitan as it was ten years before. A second trend refers to the intensification of the presence of AS in municipalities on the outskirts of metropolises. The third trend is a move of AS towards the country's hinterland, more accentuated in the North, while the presence of AS increases in municipalities in the coast of the Southeast and the Northeast. The fourth trend is the finding that AS are present in "networks of influence" of metropolises, comprising chains of centers at different levels. The identification of such trends adds complexity to the analysis of slums, and serves as an input to policies aimed at the urban development with regional and spatial equity.