45th Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "Land Use and Water Management in a Sustainable Network Society", 23-27 August 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
At the beginning of the 21st century ICT factors got growing importance in shaping regional differences in Hungary. Determining differences of ICT competitiveness became needful in analysing regional inequalities recently, however, according to some opinions there are ICT-like factors on the scene for longer time. Depending on theories and interpretations these factors are treated mainly as new although sometimes as traditional ones. In accordance with the generally accepted approaches ICT factors began to demonstrate their effects in the last decades. Other (wider) approaches on the contrary state that the most characteristic elements of ICT presented themselves earlier in determining regional differences that have been supplemented only with features of modern communication infrastructure. The paper focuses on measuring the spatial differentiating influence of ICT factors within Hungary. By the means of regression models it is presented what explanatory force can be connected to ICT factors in determining the level of regional competitiveness and development. In connection with the results the rank of regions could be revaluated in the socio-economic competition of the new century.