43rd Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "Peripheries, Centres, and Spatial Development in the New Europe", 27th - 30th August 2003, Jyväskylä, Finland
Since Egypt is one of Africa's most populous nations, its struggle to boost its economic performance while achieving sustainable development is now guided by a pioneering legislation which provides an interesting case that merits investigation in international fora. This paper, therefore aims to shed light on Egypt's Environmental Law 4 of 1994 while making the case for an Environmental Urban Management Initiative (EUMI) that should to capitalize on the merits of an enabling legislation. The framework of analysis posits the hypothesis that environmental legislation can jump start an EUMI only if its enforcement is mindful of 4 "i's," namely, institutions, investment, incentives, and information. In consequence, and based on literature reviews with key personnel, an analytical critique identifying the most salient caveats of the law in light of the 4 "i's" will follow. The ensuing synthesis of the findings will be crowned by a list of recommendations to guide the possible establishment of an EUMI in the future.