Bernecker, Andreas Boyer, Pierre C. Gathmann, Christina
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers No. 9113
We study the political economy of policy innovations during the U.S. welfare reform in 1996. Specifically, we investigate how reputation concerns among governors influence the decision to experiment with welfare policies. In line with a political agency model, our empirical results suggest that governors with high reputation among the electorate are less likely to experiment with welfare policies than governors with low reputation. Yet, governors with high reputation who are less concerned about reelection actually experiment more than governors striving for reelection. Overall, our findings imply that reelection concerns may inhibit innovation in the public sector.
policy innovation reputation concerns U.S. welfare reform experimentation reelection concerns