Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/109630
Authors: 
Hamanaka, Shintaro
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
ADB Working Paper Series on Regional Economic Integration 138
Abstract: 
At the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held in Bali on 3–6 December 2013, the ministers agreed upon the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF). This paper assesses the level of ambition of the ATF from two angles. First, the use of softening language in each provision is examined. Second, the final agreement is compared against the draft text prepared before the Bali conference. Then, the paper considers the likely legal, economic, capacity-building, and reform-inducing impacts of the ATF.
Subjects: 
Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF)
Capacity building
assistance
obligation
best endeavor
JEL: 
F13
F53
F55
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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