Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/107803
Authors: 
Mesters, Geert
van der Geest, Victor
Bijleveld, Catrien
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 14-091/III
Abstract: 
We test economic and sociological theories for the relationship between employment and crime, where social welfare is used as an identifying mechanism. We consider a sample of disadvantaged males from The Netherlands who are observed between ages 18 and 32 on a monthly time scale. We simultaneously model the offending, employment and social welfare variables using a dynamic discrete choice model, where we allow for state dependence, reciprocal effects and time-varying unobserved heterogeneity. We find significant negative bi-directional structural effects between employment and property crime. Robustness checks show that only regular employment is able to significantly reduce the offending probability. Further, a significant uni-directional effect is found for the public assistance category of social welfare on property offending. The results highlight the importance of economic incentives for explaining the relationship between employment and crime for disadvantaged individuals. For these individuals the crime reducing effects from the public assistance category of social welfare equivalent to those from employment, which suggests the importance of financial gains. Further, the results suggest that stigmatizing effects from offending reduce the future employment probability.
Subjects: 
dynamic discrete choice
strain
social control
state dependence
reciprocal
unobserved heterogeneity
JEL: 
K42
C32
C33
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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