Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/107224
Authors: 
Ippolito, Filippo
Ozdagli, Ali K.
Perez, Ander
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston 13-17
Abstract: 
We combine existing balance sheet and stock market data with two new datasets to study whether, how much, and why bank lending to firms matters for the transmission of monetary policy. The first new dataset enables us to quantify the bank dependence of firms precisely, as the ratio of bank debt to total assets. We show that a two standard deviation increase in the bank dependence of a firm makes its stock price about 25 percent more responsive to monetary policy shocks. We explore the channels through which this effect occurs, and find that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that borrow from financially weaker banks display a stronger sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with the bank lending channel, a theory that posits that the strength of bank balance sheets matters for monetary policy transmission. We construct a new database of hedging activities and show that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that hedge against interest rate risk display a lower sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with an interest rate pass-through channel that operates via the direct transmission of policy rates to lending rates associated with the widespread use of floating rates in bank loans and credit line agreements.
Subjects: 
bank lending channel
monetary policy transmission
firm financial constraints
bank financial health
JEL: 
G21
G32
E52
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.