[Introduction] Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade, pushing the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. Under the Europe 2020 strategy the flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe points the way towards sustainable growth and supports a shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy. The European Commission adopted a 'Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe' which provides a framework in which future actions can be designed and implemented coherently. It sets out a vision for the structural and technological change needed up to 2050, with milestones to be reached by 2020. The Roadmap proposes ways to increase resource productivity and to decouple economic growth from resource use and its environmental impacts. It explains how policies interrelate with and build on each other. Areas where policy action can make a real difference are a particular focus, and specific bottlenecks like inconsistencies in policy and market failures are tackled to ensure that policies are all going in the same direction. The purpose of this MACMOD2 project by Cambridge Econometrics, GWS, SERI and the Wuppertal Institute is to strengthen the economic underpinning for resource policy. Essentially to analyse, how important resources are to our economy, how we will use resources in the future under a business as usual scenario, what are the economic and environmental potentials of improved resource use, how we could achieve that, and what this would mean for our economy, our competitiveness, jobs and our environment. This report presents an overview of the results which provide strong support in favour of a resource policy.