Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1890
In Brazil, as in most countries, income replacement policies for the loss of labor capacity are based on observed disability and on presumed disability caused by advanced age. The objective of this paper is to discuss the contradictions of the policies target to compensate the elderly population for the loss of their labor capacity. We acknowledge the great progress in the widespread coverage of the social security as a result of the implementation of the measures set by the 1988 Constitution. These allowed the dissociation between aging and poverty. However, their legislation points out some contradictions as the mismatch between the changes in the retirement age and increasing life expectancy, the return of retired persons to the labor market without any restriction, which is allowed by law, differences in the retirement legislation for men and women and the fact that the assistance benefit due to old age is not a lifetime benefit as the other benefits are.
population ageing loss of labor capacity public policies