Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1779
This paper describes and analyses political representation at the local level, with emphasis on the representative's choice between adopting clientelistic or universalistic practices. Based on a non-representative sample of 112 local representatives from twelve municipalities of Minas Gerais, we identify three distinct types of representative: the legislator, who dedicates himself to the formal functions of the mandate; the fundraiser, who gives priority to meeting voters' collective requests; and the assistencialist, who gives priority to meeting particularistic requests. The results from a Multinomial Logit regression model of the type of representative suggest that the probability of a representative engaging in assistencialism is conditioned by demographic, socioeconomic, political and cultural factors, thus corroborating several hypothesis from the literature on political clientelism.
political representation clientelism local politics