Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1739
National conferences became the most important participatory policy at the national level in Brazil. Brazil has had a tradition of national conferences since the early 40's when Vargas government called a national health conference. Since 1988 the forms of civil society participation envisioned by the Constitution in the areas of health and social assistance led to the institutionalization of national conferences. However, the great boost of national conferences took place after 2003 with the election of Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva for president. In the last 20 years 80 national conferences took plac in the following areas: 21 in health related issues; 20 in minority related themes; 6 in environment themes; 22 on State, economy and development; 17 on education, culture and social assistance; and 11 on human rights. These paper show the finding of a national survey applied in July 2011 on a sample of 2,200 people. Its results show that the pattern of inclusive participation that emerged at the local level in Brazil is expanding to the national level.
national conferences participation deliberation effectiveness