Although the international crisis was initially seen as an event limited to a particular segment of the financial systems of central economies, it rapidly escalated and became global through different transmission channels, raising doubts over the hypothesis of the so-called decoupling. Latin American economies faced this new scenario under more robust conditions than in the past episodes of crisis. The good macroeconomic performance of the region during the five-year period prior to the onset of the crisis reduced the vulnerability of these economies and increased the degrees of freedom of economic policy authorities to implement counter-cyclical policies in the new international context. Despite the efforts made by these economies, a comprehensive policy response will require a commitment of resources and coordination by the main developed economies. In this sense, policy challenges are not limited to emerging economies: they imply a global coordination effort.
center and periphery counter-cyclical policies emerging economies international crisis Latin America transmission mechanisms