Error measures for the evaluation of forecasts are usually based on the size of the forecast errors. Common measures are e.g. the Mean Squared Error (MSE), the Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) or the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE). Alternative measures for the comparison of forecasts are turning points or hits-and-misses, where an indicator loss function is used to decide, if a forecast is of high quality or not. Here, we discuss the latter to obtain reliable combined forecasts.
Combination of forecasts hits-and-misses turning points fuzzy