Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/68714
Authors: 
Bönte, Werner
Jarosch, Monika
Year of Publication: 
2011
Series/Report no.: 
Schumpeter Discussion Papers 2011-012
Abstract: 
In this study we empirically investigate the contribution of personality traits to the gender gap in entrepreneurship. Our empirical analyses, which are based on data obtained from a large scale survey of individuals in 36 countries, suggest that a group of personality traits which we call Individual Entrepreneurial Aptitude (IEA) has a positive effect on latent and nascent entrepreneurship among women and men. Moreover, women's considerably lower level of IEA contributes significantly to the gender gap in entrepreneurship. The lower level of IEA is mainly due to women's lower levels of competitiveness and risk tolerance. Furthermore, these results are confirmed by the results of a country-level analysis which show that the within-country variation of entrepreneurial activities of women and men is significantly related to within-country variation of IEA.
Subjects: 
Entrepreneurship
gender gap
personality traits
competitiveness
JEL: 
J16
L26
D03
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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