Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/63782
Authors: 
Luukkonen, Terttu
Year of Publication: 
2003
Series/Report no.: 
ETLA Discussion Papers, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA) 872
Abstract: 
This paper examines variability in forms of organisation, in terms of forward and backward networking versus vertical integration, in biotechnology SMEs. The study examines forms of organisation in a set of firms across different application segments. The forms of organisation vary by application segment in biotechnology, but differences are not clear-cut, and a firm can apply different forms to different application segments in its activities. Reasons for the variability are related to the stringency of the regulatory approval systems, technological risks, and the costs needed for building up full-scale manufacturing facilities thus influencing the choices of forms of organisation through the need for and access to funding. The paper will finally discuss the notion of networking as a separate form of organisation of economic activity and the extent of its applicability to biotechnology.
Subjects: 
Biotechnology industry
network firm
organisational form
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
309.15 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.