Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/63516
Authors: 
Anderson, Kathryn
Pomfret, Richard
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Research Paper, UNU-WIDER, United Nations University (UNU) 2004/36
Abstract: 
This paper focuses on inequality in living standards across oblasts and regions within Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Regional inequality is an important area of research and policy development. Inequality in income and consumption are logical outcomes in a market-based economic system. If inequality within countries exists because of barriers to competition, then inequality can foment internal tension, and economic and social development within countries is negatively affected. We examine Living Standards Measurement data from Tajikistan, Kyrgystan, and Kazakhstan and additional survey data from Uzbekistan. We find that the most important explanations for the variation in expenditures per capita in the region are household location, household composition, and education. We find large variation in per capita expenditure by location within each country, and the differences go beyond the simple rural-urban distinction. Family structure is also important, and in all countries, having a university educated household head significantly improves household welfare; expenditures are higher in these households than in households with less educated heads. We examine inequality in access to community services and find that provision of public goods reinforces regional inequality patterns in expenditures that we measure among households. The poorest households are likely to live in communities with the lowest access to public services. – inequality ; expenditures ; regional inequality ; Central Asia
JEL: 
I0
J0
R1
ISBN: 
9291906239
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
311.52 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.