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dc.contributor.authorDolente, Cosimoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGalea, John Josephen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeporelli, Claudioen_US
dc.description.abstractGeographical averaging of retail and wholesale prices could distort incentives for bypass entry in both the metropolitan and the high-cost areas. The two-instrument approach to universal service support, proposed in (Armstrong, 2001), could enhance efficiency, through competitive and technological neutrality. Alternatively, the industry support to high cost areas could be substituted by redistributive fiscal measures or public subsidies. Using evidence from Italy we suggest that tackling demographic, educational, and income inequalities is necessary, even in low cost areas, to support further broadband penetration. We estimate logistic regressions of Internet and broadband use at home, and show that a substantial increase of broadband penetration is possible in Italy only if specific platforms and applications are made available to older and less educated households. Therefore, a critical mass of services could help reaching the critical mass of users that make Next Generation Access Networks viable.en_US
dc.publisher|aITS Europe |cBerlinen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries|a21st European Regional ITS Conference, Copenhagen 2010en_US
dc.subject.keywordInfrastructural Digital divideen_US
dc.subject.keywordCultural Digital Divideen_US
dc.subject.keywordGeographical crosssubsidiesen_US
dc.subject.keywordEfficient bypassen_US
dc.subject.keywordCritical mass of servicesen_US
dc.titleNext Generation Access and Digital Divide: Opposite Sides of the Same Coin?en_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US

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