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Rässler, Susanne
Koller, Florian
Mäenpää, Christine
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Diskussionspapiere // Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Statistik und Ökonometrie 42b/2002
On the basis of real data sets it is shown that splitting a questionnaire survey according to technical rather than qualitative criteria can reduce costs and respondent burden remarkably. Household interview surveys about media and consuming behavior are analyzed and splitted into components. Following the matrix sampling approach, respondents are asked only the varying subsets of the components inducing missing data by design. These missing data are imputed afterwards to create a complete data set. In an iterative algorithm every variable with missing values is regressed on all other variables which either are originally complete or contain actual imputations. The imputation procedure itself is based on the socalled predictive mean matching. In this contribution the validity of split and imputation is discussed based on the preservation of empirical distributions, bivariate associations, conditional associations and on regression inference. Finally, we find that many empirical distributions of the complete data are reproduced well in the imputed data sets. Concerning these long media and consumer questionnaires we like to conclude that nearly the same inference can be achieved by means of such a split design with reduced costs and minor respondent burden
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Working Paper

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