This paper discusses two recent controversies surrounding levels and trends in the number of missing women in the world. First, the impact of fertility decline on gender bias in mortality is examined. Contrary to the expectations of some authors, fertility decline has not generally led to an intensification of gender bias in mortality. Second, the paper finds that the claim that a substantial portion of missing women is due to higher sex ratios at birth linked to hepatitis B prevalence in the affected regions is on rather weak foundations, while there is substantial evidence countering this claim.
Missing women fertility decline Hepatitis B sex-selective abortions gender bias in mortality