[Journal:] Baltic Journal of Economics [ISSN:] 2334-4385 [Volume:] 20 [Issue:] 2 [Publisher:] Taylor & Francis [Place:] London [Year:] 2020 [Pages:] 139-169
Taylor & Francis, London
Even though Lithuania's household income inequality is among the highest in the European Union (EU), little empirical work has been carried out to explain such disparities. We investigate it using the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions sample microdata. We confirm that income inequality in Lithuania is high compared to the EU average. Our decompositions reveal that the number of employed household members in Lithuania's households affects income inequality more as compared to the EU. It is related to a larger labour income, and self-employment income, in particular, contribution to inequality in Lithuania. Moreover, taxes, social contributions, and transfers reduce income inequality in Lithuania less than in the EU. Specifically, income taxes and social contributions are less progressive while transfers constitute a smaller share of income in Lithuania than in the EU. Income taxes and social contributions are effectively regressive for the self-employed in Lithuania.
European Union factor decomposition Income inequality Kakwani Lithuania subgroup decomposition