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Sujit, K. S.
Kumar, B. Rajesh
Oberoi, Sarbjit Singh
[Journal:] Journal of Risk and Financial Management [ISSN:] 1911-8074 [Volume:] 13 [Issue:] 12 [Publisher:] MDPI [Place:] Basel [Year:] 2020 [Pages:] 1-14
MDPI, Basel
The study analyzes the impact of macroeconomic, governance and risk factors on foreign direct investment (FDI) intensity with respect to the US market during the period 1960-2019. The study adopted regression methodology. The FDI, macroeconomic and risk data were sourced from the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) database. The governance data were collected from the World Bank Governance Database. The study suggests that infrastructural investments lead to higher FDI. A stronger Euro leads to higher FDI activity in the United States. Research & Development investments is a significant factor which contributes towards enhanced FDI activity. The higher the corporate profitability, the greater the FDI inflows. Exports and imports are significant factors which determine FDI in markets like USA. Inflation has a negative impact on FDI flow regulations, which are aimed to promote private sector development is negatively related to FDI intensity. FDI activity by firms tend to be lower when corruption levels are higher in the country. The higher the governance perception in terms of voice and accountability of citizens, the greater the propensity to attract FDI. The perception of the effectiveness of a government's commitment towards the quality of public and civil services is directly related to FDI investment.
FDI intensity
macroeconomic factors
risk factors
governance factors
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