Emrich, Eike Pierdzioch, Christian Rullang, Christian
Year of Publication:
Diskussionspapiere des Europäischen Instituts für Sozioökonomie e.V. No. 16
Using data for a large sample of German football referees, we studied the motives for becoming a football referee. Based on a long modeling tradition in the literature on the economics of volunteering, we studied altruistic motives (public-goods model) versus non-altruistic (egoistic private-consumption motives and human-capital motives). We differentiated between self-attributed and other-attributed motives. We found that altruistic motives on average are less strong than other motives. Other-attributed altruistic motives are stronger than self-attributed altruistic motives, indicating the presence of a self-interest bias. We further found that referees who report strong altruistic motives have a higher willingness to quit refereeing when other referees would referee more matches, consistent with the public-goods model. In line with the human-capital model, altruistic motives are stronger for senior referees. Altruistic motives are also stronger for those referees who view refereeing as a volunteer activity.
socioeconomics of volunteering survey data football motives