Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/229982
Authors: 
Cai, Shu
Zimmermann, Klaus F.
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
ZEF Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 304
Abstract: 
Previous research has found identity to be relevant for international migration, but has neglected internal mobility as in the case of the Great Chinese Migration. However, the context of the identities of migrants and their adaption in the migration process is likely to be quite different. The gap is closed by examining social assimilation and the effect on the labor market outcomes of migrants in China, the country with the largest record of internal mobility. Using instrumental variable estimation, the study finds that identifying as local residents significantly increases migrants' hourly wages and reduces hours worked, although their monthly earnings remained barely changed. Further findings suggest that migrants with strong local identity are more likely to use local networks in job search, and to obtain jobs with higher average wages and lower average hours worked per day.
Subjects: 
Social assimilation
identity
labor market
migration
JEL: 
J22
J31
J61
Z13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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