Lawrenz, Claudia Tschiersch, Patrick Weißbach, Rafael
Year of Publication:
Technical Report 2005,34
Banks could achieve substantial improvements of their portfolio credit risk assessment by estimating rating transition matrices within a time-continuous Markov model, thereby using continuous-time rating transitions provided by internal rating systems instead of discrete-time rating information. A non-parametric test for the hypothesis of time-homogeneity is developed. The alternative hypothesis is multiple structural change of transition intensities, i.e. time-varying transition probabilities. The partial-likelihood ratio for the multivariate counting process of rating transitions is shown to be asymptotically c2 -distributed. A Monte Carlo simulation finds both size and power to be adequate for our example. We analyze transitions in credit-ratings in a rating system with 8 rating states and 2743 transitions for 3699 obligors observed over seven years. The test rejects the homogeneity hypothesis at all conventional levels of significance.
Portfolio credit risk Rating transitions Markov model time-homogeneity partial likelihood